Screening for Latent Tuberculosis Infection

USPSTF: screening for latent tuberculosis infection (B statement)


Clinical Question:
Should clinicians screen for latent tuberculosis infection in asymptomatic adults at increased risk?

Bottom Line:
The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes there is
adequate evidence that the benefits outweigh the risks of screening for
latent tuberculosis infection in adults, 18 years and older, who are at
increased risk for infection (B statement). At-risk populations include
persons who were born in, or are former residents of, countries with
increased tuberculosis prevalence, and persons who live in, or have lived
in, high-risk settings (eg, homeless shelters and correctional facilities).
This recommendation is essentially unchanged from the previous USPSTF
recommendation on latent tuberculosis infection screening from 1996. (LOE =
2c)

Reference:
Bibbins-Domingo K; US Preventive Services Task Force.
Screening for latent tuberculosis infection in adults: US Preventive
Services Task Force recommendation statement. JAMA 2016;316(9):962-969.

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