Resistant Hypertension – Differential Diagnosis

The following are the most common causes of resistant hypertension in adults:

  1.  Medication non-adherence
  2. Obstructive sleep apnea (60-70% of cases; 30-40% of all hypertensives)
  3. Primary aldosteronism (7-20%)
  4. Renal artery stenosis (2-24%)
  5. Renal parenchymal disease (2-4%)
  6. Thyroid disease (< 1%)
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